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Reseach Article

A Survey on MAC Protocols for Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks

by Ravi T. Matani, Tejas M. Vasavada
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 114 - Number 6
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: Ravi T. Matani, Tejas M. Vasavada
10.5120/19980-1195

Ravi T. Matani, Tejas M. Vasavada . A Survey on MAC Protocols for Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks. International Journal of Computer Applications. 114, 6 ( March 2015), 4-7. DOI=10.5120/19980-1195

@article{ 10.5120/19980-1195,
author = { Ravi T. Matani, Tejas M. Vasavada },
title = { A Survey on MAC Protocols for Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { March 2015 },
volume = { 114 },
number = { 6 },
month = { March },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 4-7 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume114/number6/19980-1195/ },
doi = { 10.5120/19980-1195 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:51:58.105292+05:30
%A Ravi T. Matani
%A Tejas M. Vasavada
%T A Survey on MAC Protocols for Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 114
%N 6
%P 4-7
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

Data collection is the most basic task in wireless sensor networks. A wireless sensor network consists of large numbers of nodes which collects data and then forwards collected data to sink. An important area of research in WSN is energy conservation. Medium Access Control(MAC) protocols plays vital role in energy conservation. MAC protocols are either CSMA based or TDMA based. CSMA based protocols suffers from collision while synchronization among nodes is drawback of TDMA based protocols. In TDMA, the node becomes active only during the particular time slot which is allocated to it. In this paper, we first outline the basics of wireless sensor network, after that we present study of various CSMA based protocols like S-MAC, DSMAC, T-MAC, Wise-MAC; TDMA based protocols like D-MAC, LL-MAC, TRAMA, W-MAC and hybrid (CSMA+TDMA) protocols like Funneling MAC and Z-MAC for wireless sensor networks. At the end of discussion this paper also presents main advantages and disadvantages of these MAC protocols. This paper also presents some open issues related to these protocols and at the end we present conclusion.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Networks(WSN) Medium Access Control(MAC) CSMA TDMA