CFP last date
22 April 2024
Call for Paper
May Edition
IJCA solicits high quality original research papers for the upcoming May edition of the journal. The last date of research paper submission is 22 April 2024

Submit your paper
Know more
Reseach Article

Acknowledgment Time Delay Approach to Optimize TCP Performance in Hybrid Networked Systems

by K. Lakshmi Nadh, Y.k. Sundara Krishna, K.nageswara Rao
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 102 - Number 8
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: K. Lakshmi Nadh, Y.k. Sundara Krishna, K.nageswara Rao

K. Lakshmi Nadh, Y.k. Sundara Krishna, K.nageswara Rao . Acknowledgment Time Delay Approach to Optimize TCP Performance in Hybrid Networked Systems. International Journal of Computer Applications. 102, 8 ( September 2014), 5-11. DOI=10.5120/17833-8695

@article{ 10.5120/17833-8695,
author = { K. Lakshmi Nadh, Y.k. Sundara Krishna, K.nageswara Rao },
title = { Acknowledgment Time Delay Approach to Optimize TCP Performance in Hybrid Networked Systems },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { September 2014 },
volume = { 102 },
number = { 8 },
month = { September },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 5-11 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/17833-8695 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:32:34.021933+05:30
%A K. Lakshmi Nadh
%A Y.k. Sundara Krishna
%A K.nageswara Rao
%T Acknowledgment Time Delay Approach to Optimize TCP Performance in Hybrid Networked Systems
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 102
%N 8
%P 5-11
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is connection oriented transport protocol used on IP in wireless medium and it insists lossless data transmission in proper order. When TCP is used as a transmission protocol where physical layer is wireless medium, results high packet reordering due to bursty traffic and drastic variation in quality of service with respect to time. By sharing the same path for data and acknowledgement increases the traffic and collision, resulting in reduced throughput. In order to improve QoS this paper proposes a solution "Improved Delay the Duplicate Acknowledgement" (IDDA). This reduces traffic and spurious retransmissions, thereby improving TCP performance.

  1. J. Postel, "Transmission Control Protocol," Request for Comments, RFC 793, Protocol Specification, DARPA Internet Program, Sept. 1981.
  2. Joerg Widmer, Robert Denda, and Martin Mauve, A Survey on TCP-Friendly Congestion Control IEEE Network • May/June 2001.
  3. A. McKenzie A Problem with the TCP Big Window Option, Network Working Group RFC 1110, August 1989.
  4. Improving Round-Trip Time Estimates in Reliable Transport Protocols by PHIL KARN and CRAIG PARTRIDGE in ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, vol 9, No4, and November1991.
  5. M. Mathis,J. Mahdavi,S. Floyd,A. Romanow , TCP Selective Acknowledgement Options, Standards Track RFC 2018,October 1996.
  6. W. Stevens, TCP Slow Start, Congestion Avoidance, Fast Retransmit, and Fast Recovery Algorithms RFC: 2001 NOAO,January 1997.
  7. K. Fall, and S. Floyd, "Simulation–Based Comparison of Tahoe, Reno and SACK TCP", Computer Communications Review ACM-SIGCOMM, Vol. 26, No. 3, July 1996.
  8. Bogdan Moraru, Flavius Copaciu, Gabriel Lazar and Virgil Dobrota, Practical Analysis of TCP Implementations: Tahoe, Reno, NewReno, RATES/ERASMUS 2001-2002.
  9. M. Allman, V. Paxson, and W. Stevens, TCP Congestion Control, IETF RFC 2581, Apr. 1999.
  10. S. Floyd and T. Henderson, "The NewReno modification to TCP's fast recovery algorithm," IETF RFC 2582, April 1999.
  11. Chunlei Liu, Fangyang Shen and Min-Te Sun, "A Unified TCP Enhancement for Wireless Mesh networks", Parellel Processing Workshops, 2007. ICPPW 2007. International Conference on vol,no. . pp. 71,10-14 sep 2007.
  12. Xiaoyuan Guo, Jiangchuan Liu "Path diversfied retransmission for TCP over wireless mesh networks" Quality of service (IWQoS),2010 18th International workshop on vol,no. . pp. 1-9,16-18 june 2010.
  13. KC Leung, V Li, D Yang, An overview of packet reordering in transmission control protocol (TCP): problems, solutions, and challenges. Parallel Distrib Syst IEEE Trans. 18(4), 522–535 (2007).
  14. Jie Feng, Zhipeng Ouyang, Lisong Xu *, Byrav Ramamurthy, Packet reordering in high-speed networks and its impact on high-speed TCP variants,Computer Communications ,2008.
  15. L. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Y. Shu, L. Wang, and O. W. Yang, "Load balancing of multipath source routing in ad hoc networks,", Communications, 2002.
  16. F. Hu and N. K. Sharma, "Enhancing Wireless Internet Performance," IEEE Comm. Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 2-15, Dec. 2002.
  17. V. Paxson, "End-to-End Internet Packet Dynamics," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 277-292, June 1999.
  18. R. Ludwig and R. H. Katz, "The Eifel algorithm: making TCP robust against spurious retransmission," ACM Computer Communications Review, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 30–36, January 2000.
  19. Jon C. R. Bennett, Craig Partridge, and Nicholas Shectman, Packet Reordering is Not Pathological Network Behavior IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 7, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1999.
  20. V. Jacobson, R. T. Braden, and D. Borman, TCP Extensions for High Performance, rfc-1323, May 1992.
  21. J. Bennett, C. Partridge, and N. Shectman, "Packet Reordering is Not Pathological Network Behavior," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 789-798, Dec. 1999.
  22. V. Jacobson, "Congestion Avoidance and Control," ACM SIGCOMM Computer Comm. Rev. , vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 314-329, Aug. 1988.
  23. S. Floyd and K. Fall, "Promoting the Use of End-to-End Congestion Control in the Internet," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 458-472, Aug. 1999.
  25. R Braden, Requirements for internet hosts–communication layers, RFC 1122, IETF Network Working Group, October 1989.
  26. Hua Wu and Jian Gong, Packet Loss Estimation of TCP Flows Based on the Delayed ACK Mechanism, C. S. Hong et al. (Eds):APNOMS 2009,LNCS 5787,PP. 540-543,2009.
  27. E. Altman and T. Jimenez, "Novel Delayed ACK Techniques for Improving TCP Performance in Multihop Wireless Networks," Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 2775, Sept. 2003.
  28. A. K. Singh and K. Kankipati, "TCP-ADA: TCP with Adaptive Delayed Acknowledgement for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, "Proc. IEEE WCNC 2004, vol. 3, Atlanta, GA, USA, 21–25 Mar. 2004, pp. 1685–90.
  29. Ammar Mohammed AI-Jubari and Mohamed Othman "A New Delayed ACK Strategy for TCP in Multi-hop Wireless Networks" 978-1-4244-6716-7/10/$26. 00 © 2010 IEEE.
  30. Ammar Mohammed Al-Jubari, Mohamed Othman, Borhanuddin Mohd Ali and Nor Asilah Wati Abdul Hamid,"TCP performance in multi-hop wireless ad hoc networks: challenges and solution", EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking December 2011.
  31. Nitin Vaidya, Miten Mehta, Charles Perkins, and Gabriel Montenegro, "Delayed Duplicate Acknowledgements: A TCP-Unaware Approach to Improve Performance of TCP over Wireless".
  32. Miten N. Mehta and Nitin H. Vaidya, "Delayed Duplicate Acknowledgements: A proposal to Improve Performance of TCP on Wireless Links", Feb, 24, 1998.
  33. A Roach, A negative acknowledgement mechanism for signaling compression, RFC 4077, IETF Network Working Group (May 2005)
  34. Guy Riddle "Method for Measuring Network Delay using Gap time" Patent No: US &, 012,900 B1, Mar, 14, 2006.
  35. "The network simulator – ns2," Available at http://www. isi. edu/nsnam/ns/.
  36. Prasanthi. S. , Sang-Hwa Chung and Won-Suk Kim, An Enhanced TCP Scheme for Distinguishing Non-congestion Losses from Packet Reordering over Wireless Mesh Networks 2011 IEEE.
  37. Sreekumari and Chung "TCP NCE: A unified solution for non-congestion events to improve the performance of TCP over wireless networks" EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2011, http://jwcn. eurasipjournals. com/content/2011/1/23.
  38. K. LakshmiNadh, Y. K. Sundara Krishna and K. Nageswara Rao "Improving TCP performance with delayed acknowledgments over wireless networks: a receiver side solution", Conference on Advances in Recent Technologies in Communication and Computing (ARTCom 2013), 20-21 Sept. 2013,DOI: 10. 1049/cp. 2013. 2231, ISBN: 978-1-84919-842-4,Location: Bangalore, India.
  39. Quanjie Qiu, Zhinhuo Li ans Zhongfu Wu "An Algorithm for Avilable Bandwidth Estimation of IPv6 Network" DOI:10. 1007/978-3-642-17313-4_41 In proceeding of: Advanced Data Mining and Applications-6th International Conference, ADMA 2010, Chongqing,China,November 19-21,2010,Preceediings,PartII Source:DBLP.
  40. Sumitha Bhandarkar and A. L. Narasimha Reddy Quanjie Qiu, Zhinhuo Li ans Zhongfu Wu "TCP-DCR: Making TCP Robust to Non-congestion Events" Networking 2004, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 3042, 2004, pp 712-724.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Fast Retransmission Wireless Networks packet reordering Random loss congestion control